Website Detail Page

written by Joshua E. Barnes
This web page has descriptions and animations from numerical simulations of colliding galaxies. Normal observation shows interacting galaxies apparently frozen in the midst of billion-year-long collisions. These movies transcend a limited view of time by indicating the past and future of such encounters. The web page examines interactions between galaxies, paths of different orbits, and theories of structure.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
- Galaxies
= Galaxy Formation
- Upper Undergraduate
- Graduate/Professional
- Lower Undergraduate
- Informal Education
- Reference Material
- Audio/Visual
= Movie/Animation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- video/mpeg
- text/html
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2000 Joshua Barnes
collision, disk galaxy, merging galaxies, spiral galaxy
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created August 4, 2007 by Gareth Wynn-Williams
Record Updated:
September 21, 2007 by Bruce Mason
Last Update
when Cataloged:
February 1, 2000
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
J. Barnes, (2000), WWW Document, (
J. Barnes, Galaxy Transformations (2000), <>.
APA Format
Barnes, J. (2000, February 1). Galaxy Transformations. Retrieved February 27, 2024, from
Chicago Format
Barnes, Joshua. Galaxy Transformations. February 1, 2000. (accessed 27 February 2024).
MLA Format
Barnes, Joshua. Galaxy Transformations. 2000. 1 Feb. 2000. 27 Feb. 2024 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Joshua Barnes", Title = {Galaxy Transformations}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {27 February 2024}, Month = {February 1, 2000}, Year = {2000} }
Refer Export Format

%A Joshua Barnes %T Galaxy Transformations %D February 1, 2000 %U %O video/mpeg

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Barnes, Joshua %D February 1, 2000 %T Galaxy Transformations %V 2024 %N 27 February 2024 %8 February 1, 2000 %9 video/mpeg %U

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

The MLA Style presented is based on information from the MLA FAQ.

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