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written by Jonathan Goss
This is a reference web site for group theory and the properties of symmetry point groups. It covers the mathematics and science applications of symmetry relations, including the impact on interactions with specific reference to dipole-transition selection rules. Unit cells, stereograms, and 3D animated molecules are presented as examples of each point group. This web site also provides other symmetry related links and a link to references for symmetry in physics and chemistry.

Please note that this resource requires at least version 1.1 of Java.
Subjects Levels Resource Types
Mathematical Tools
- Group Theory
Modern Physics
- Condensed Matter
Other Sciences
- Chemistry
Quantum Physics
- Symmetries in Quantum Mechanics
- Graduate/Professional
- Upper Undergraduate
- Instructional Material
= Interactive Simulation
= Tutorial
- Reference Material
= Research study
- Audio/Visual
= Movie/Animation
Intended Users Formats Ratings
- Learners
- Educators
- text/html
- application/java
- image/gif
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Access Rights:
Free access
© 2002 University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
character table, symmetry animations, symmetry operations
Record Creator:
Metadata instance created May 31, 2005 by Blake Laing
Record Updated:
August 22, 2016 by Lyle Barbato
Other Collections:

ComPADRE is beta testing Citation Styles!

Record Link
AIP Format
J. Goss, (2002), WWW Document, (
J. Goss, Point Group Symmetry (2002), <>.
APA Format
Goss, J. (2002). Point Group Symmetry. Retrieved June 22, 2024, from
Chicago Format
Goss, Jonathan. Point Group Symmetry. 2002. (accessed 22 June 2024).
MLA Format
Goss, Jonathan. Point Group Symmetry. 2002. 22 June 2024 <>.
BibTeX Export Format
@misc{ Author = "Jonathan Goss", Title = {Point Group Symmetry}, Volume = {2024}, Number = {22 June 2024}, Year = {2002} }
Refer Export Format

%A Jonathan Goss %T Point Group Symmetry %D 2002 %U %O text/html

EndNote Export Format

%0 Electronic Source %A Goss, Jonathan %D 2002 %T Point Group Symmetry %V 2024 %N 22 June 2024 %9 text/html %U

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Citation Source Information

The AIP Style presented is based on information from the AIP Style Manual.

The APA Style presented is based on information from APA Electronic References.

The Chicago Style presented is based on information from Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation.

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