This web page describes magnetic substorms and storms, their properties, and their relations to charged particle flow and auroras. It includes descriptions of the magnetic field changes in the storms and the sources of energy. This is part of a larger work, "The Exploration of the Earth's Magnetosphere". Other parts of this work cover the polar aurora, the solar wind, the magnetosphere of earth, and the magnetic and radiation properties of the sun at a non-mathematical level. A Spanish translation is available.
%0 Electronic Source %A Stern, David %D March 13, 2006 %T Substorms - Magnetic Storms and Space Weather %V 2023 %N 1 February 2023 %8 March 13, 2006 %9 text/html %U http://www.phy6.org/Education/wsubstrm.html
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